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Algebra Smart Math

[Smart Math] Algebra Problem 22

Here’s and example of a SMART MATH problem for ALGEBRA.

Algebra

Problem

A is 2 years younger than B. If seven years back, A was 5/6th of B’s present age, what is half of B’s present age?

  1. 25 years
  2. 27 years
  3. 28 years
  4. 29 years
  5. 32 years

The Usual Method

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Let the present age of B be 2x years.

Hence half of present age = x years.

Hence A’s age = (2x-2)

Age of B 7 years back = 2x-7

Age of A 7 years back = (2x-2)-7

Also A’s age 7 years back = \frac{5}{6} of B’s present age.

Hence (2x-2)-7 = \frac{5}{6}(2x)

\therefore (2x-9)=\frac{5}{6}(2x)

\therefore 12x-54=10x

\therefore 2x=54

\therefore x=\frac{54}{2}= 27 years

(Ans: 2)

Estimated Time to arrive at the answer = 60 seconds.

Using Technique

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A’s age 7 years back = \frac{5}{6} of B’s present age. All options being natural numbers, B’s present age is also a natural number and so is A’s present age. Hence A’s age 7 years back is also a natural number.

Now if (A’s age 7 years back) a natural number is equated to \frac{5}{6} (B’s present age) another natural number, than B’s present age should be evenly / completely divisible by 6 to have A’s age 7 years back as a natural number.

Since the options are half of B’s present age, just double them up and check which of these numbers is divisible by 6. Better still, just check which from amongst the options are divisible by 3 (half of 6).

Only option ‘2’ is divisible by 3.

(Ans: 2)

Estimated Time to arrive at the answer = 10 seconds.
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